Fort Conde, located in Mobile, Alabama, has a rich history dating back to the city’s early years and the colonial era. The fort, originally named Fort Louis de la Mobile, was constructed by the French in 1723 to protect the strategic Mobile Bay and serve as a key outpost in French Louisiana.
The fort underwent multiple changes in ownership during the 18th century, passing from French to British control and back to the Spanish, following the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The Spanish extensively modified the fortification during their occupation, adding the distinctive four bastions that are a notable feature of Fort Conde today.
In 1813, during the War of 1812, Mobile became a focal point for conflict. American forces, under the command of General James Wilkinson, seized the city, and Fort Charlotte, as it was then called, was surrendered without resistance. The fort was subsequently renamed Fort Condé in honor of the French conqueror of England, Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac.
Over the years, the fort fell into disrepair, and by the 20th century, only a partial reconstruction remained. In the 1970s, a project aimed at preserving Mobile’s historic sites led to the construction of a replica of Fort Condé, incorporating archaeological evidence and historical research to recreate the fort’s appearance during different periods of its history.
Today, Fort Conde is a living history museum that provides visitors with a glimpse into Mobile’s colonial past. The fort features period-appropriate exhibits, interactive displays, and costumed interpreters who bring the site to life. It stands as a testament to Mobile’s strategic importance in the region’s history and serves as a cultural and educational asset for the community and visitors alike.